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Research Publications


Invincibility fable: tool development to measure invincibility.

Wickman ME, Koniak-Griffin D.

Nursing Department, Vanguard University, Costa Mesa, CA. Electronic address: mary.wickman@vanguard.edu.

Invincibility is a phase of social-cognitive development of the adolescent and has been associated with risk behavior involvement. OBJECTIVE: To determine psychometric properties of the Adolescent Invincibility Tool (AIT). METHODS: Reliability was assessed and validity was examined using principal components analysis. RESULTS: Internal consistency was demonstrated with a Cronbach's alpha of .88; factor analysis led to the confirmation of subscales. Criterion validity was validated with similar and opposing measures of invincibility. DISCUSSION: Initial testing suggests that the AIT is a valid and reliable tool for screening invincibility. Further testing is recommended to determine relevance for other populations of youth.

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